Orchitis (Inflammation of the Testicle)
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    Orchitis (Inflammation of the Testicle)


    Orchitis is inflammation of one or both of a man’s testicles, usually because of an infection.To get more news about Orchitis prevention, you can visit our official website.

    Orchitis can result from the spread of bacteria through your blood from somewhere else in your body. It also can be a progression of epididymitis, an infection of the tube that carries semen out of your testicles. This is called epididymo-orchitis.
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    Most cases of orchitis are acute, which means you have sudden, severe pain in one or both testicles that may spread to your groin (the area where your upper thigh meets your lower belly). You also may have:

    Most cases of orchitis caused by bacteria need treatment right away. If you notice redness, swelling, pain, or inflammation of the scrotum or testicle, call your doctor right away. These can also be symptoms of a serious condition called testicular torsion, which is when one of your testicles is twisted.

    Go to your local emergency department if you can’t talk to or see your doctor quickly, or if symptoms get worse even with treatment.
    Bacteria that commonly cause orchitis include Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus. You can also have a prostate infection along with orchitis. Epididymitis (inflammation of the tube on the back of the testicle) can lead to orchitis, as well.
    Bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases (STD), such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis, can cause orchitis in sexually active men, usually those ages 19 to 35. You may be at risk if you have many sexual partners, if you’re involved in high-risk sexual behaviors such as unprotected sex, if your partner has had an STD, or if you have a history of STDs.
    The virus that causes mumps can cause orchitis, as well. Most common in young boys (but rare in those younger than 10), orchitis begins 4 to 6 days after mumps begins. A third of boys with mumps will get orchitis and then a condition called testicular atrophy (shrinking of the testicles). That’s why it’s important for all children, boys especially, to get the vaccine that protects against mumps.
    You may be at risk for nonsexually transmitted orchitis if you haven’t had proper vaccination against mumps, if you get urinary tract infections, if you are older than 45, or if you often have a catheter put into your bladder.
    Most men can be treated with antibiotics at home for at least 10 days. If your prostate is involved, you’ll probably need a longer course of medication.
    If you have a high fever, nausea, or vomiting, or if you’re very ill, you may need to be admitted to a hospital to get antibiotics directly into a vein (IV).
    Mumps orchitis will clear up over 1 to 3 weeks. Just treat your symptoms with home care.
    Young sexually active men should make sure all of their sexual partners are treated. Avoid sex or use condoms until all partners have finished their full course of antibiotics and are symptom-free.
    Home care, along with the right medical treatment, can help ease the symptoms of orchitis. Ask your doctor about:

    Taking over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), or acetaminophen (Tylenol)
    Elevating your scrotum with snug-fitting briefs or an athletic supporter
    Using ice packs. Don’t put ice directly on your skin, which may cause burns from freezing. Wrap it in a thin cloth and then put it on your scrotum. The ice packs may be applied for 15 or 20 minutes at a time several times a day for the first day or two.

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